Avars

   A Turkic people from the Asia steppe (q.v.) who settled in the plain of Hungary in 568, wresting away from Byzantium (q.v.) much of the Balkan Peninsula (q.v.). Strong allegiance to a single ruler, the khagan (q.v.), helped to create an empire in central Europe that was a solid base from which to launch attacks on Byzantium. Mastery on horseback gave them mobility, and their use of the iron stirrup (which they introduced to the West), often gave them the edge in battle. Their knowledge of siegecraft was such that city after city fell to them. Finally the Slavs (q.v.), who the Avars dominated and used in their raids, ended up settling in great numbers in the Balkan Peninsula, changing much of its ethnic composition. The Avars were particularly threatening in the reign of Herakleios (q.v.), when in 626 they coordinated with the Persians a massive assault by land and sea on Constantinople (q.v.). After that their empire declined. They were finally destroyed by Charlemagne (q.v.) between 791 and 795.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Avars — may refer to: * Eurasian Avars, a nomadic people who invaded Europe in the 6th Century AD * Uar * Caucasian Avars, a modern people of the Caucasus * Avar language * Avar (animation variable), used in computer animation, or computer generated… …   Wikipedia

  • Avars —  Pour l’article homophone, voir avare. Empire avar vers 560 – 805 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Avars —    An amalgamation of peoples from the central steppes of Europe, the Avars were a late arrival among the barbarian peoples who were the successors of the Western Roman Empire. They were skilled horsemen, who may have had an important impact on… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Avars —    Ethnic group. The Avars are a Muslim people populating the North Caucasus, principally the Republic of Dagestan where they are the largest ethnic group (758,000). Sizable communities are also resident in Chechnya, Georgia, and Azerbaijan. The… …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • Avars — Avares ou Avars peuple de race mongolique, parent des Huns, qui envahit l Europe jusqu en Autriche et en Italie à partir du VIe s. et fut arrêté par Charlemagne (791 799) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • AVARS —    a tribe of Huns who, driven from their home in the Altai Mts. by the Chinese, invaded the E. of Europe about 553, and committed ravages in it for about three centuries, till they were subdued by Charlemagne, and all but exterminated in 827 …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Avars — n. member of a Caucasian or eastern European people whose empire, was in central south Hungary and extended between the Elbe and Dnieper rivers; member of Muslim people of southern Dagestan and bordering areas of Azerbaijan n. language spoken in… …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Eurasian Avars — [ The image is based on reconstruction by Norman J. Finkelshteyn of an image from an 8th century ewer found at Nagyszentmiklos in Transylvania (original at [http://www.geocities.com/normlaw/page2.html] ). some scholars regard the image as that of …   Wikipedia

  • Caucasian Avars — ethnic group group=Avars (МагIарулал) poptime= approx. 1 million popplace= Russia: 814,500 (2002 [http://www.perepis2002.ru/content.html?id=11 docid=10715289081463 Russian 2002 census] ] ),::primarily Dagestan: 750,000 Azerbaijan: 50,900 (1999… …   Wikipedia

  • Guerres des Francs contre les Avars — Les guerres contre les Avars sont une série de campagnes menées par les Francs sur le Danube contre les Avars de Pannonie de 791 à 805, qui aboutissent à la soumission du khanat avar. Les Avars, pillards païens, qui se sont sédentarisés dans les… …   Wikipédia en Français

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